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Biographies M - Z


Hamilton, Hildegard
American, 1896-1970
Hamilton was born in Syracuse, NY and lived in Fort Lauderdale, FL until her death. She studied at Academy Julian, Cole des Beaux-Arts and Academy and the Grande Chaumière, all in Paris. She studied under John Herron at the Art Institute, at the Cincinnati Art Academy, Syracuse University and at the Harvey & Proctor School in England. She often exhibited and her works can be found at Wesleyan College in Georgia, The Hall of Art in New York, The Evergreen School in Plainfield New Jersey, The Darwin House in London, Hanover College in Indiana, Eaton Gallery in New York and in Nassau, the Bahamas.

Harris, Margie Coleman
American, 1891 - 1968
Margie Coleman was born in 1891 and like so many female Pittsburgh artists, has been largely ignored in favor of her male counterparts by Pittsburgh collectors and represents a good investment with tremendous potential. Mrs. Coleman studied at the Carnegie Institute, Penn State College, the University of Chicago and the University of Pittsburgh. She was a painter, etcher, teacher, writer, sculptor, and lecturer.

Her memberships include the Eastern Art Association; National Education Association; Pittsburgh Art Association; Allied Artists of Johnstown (President 1933-46); Philadelphia Press Club; Johnstown Art League, and Cambria County Art Association

Exhibitions include the Pittsburgh Art Association 1924-1959; Society of Independent Artists,1933; Allied Artists of Johnstown, 1933-37,(awards), 1938-1961; Evensburg, 1932-41; Ebensburg Fair, 1935 (prize); Garden Club, 1938-45; Indiana, Pennsylvania, 1944-46; Lee Hospital, Johnstown; Pennsylvania Historical Museum Committee, 1953, 1961.

In 1965 she was "Woman of the Year" awarded by the Business & Professional Women's Club of Johnstown, Pennsylvania,.

Ms. Coleman held the position of Teacher at the Pennsylvania State College from 1919-38; and was the Director of Arts and Crafts, Church of the Brethren Home in Scalp Level, PA. She was also a Contributor to "School Arts" magazine. Her works are found in the State Museum of Pennsylvania and Penn State University.

After a long productive life, she passed away in Johnstown, PA in 1968.


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Hayden, Edward Parker
American, 1858 - 1922
Edward Parker Hayden was born on May 21, 1858, the son of William Hallock and Eliza (Goodspeed) Hayden. But Hayden, himself, settled in the east, choosing the sister city, Haydenville, Massachusetts, which his relatives had founded more than a century earlier, and where he died in 1922 (the correct year as attested by Edward P. Bentley’s brief memoir of Hayden).
After spending his boyhood in nearby Columbus, Ohio, we know that Hayden moved to New York City, where he studied under William Lamb Picknell, who certainly pointed Hayden in the direction of Massachusetts. Picknell was a brilliant early plein-aire master, known particularly for the clarity of his light, the same clarity that dominates in Hayden’s works. By the early 1880s, Hayden began exhibiting at the Salmagundi Club in New York, where he was a member, and by 1890, he was living in Cummington, Massachusetts, next door to Haydenville, and one of the splendid Berkshire hilltowns, including Goshen and Charlemont. He was close to the LaValley brothers of Western Massachusetts, Jonas, the still-life painter, and more so with William LaValley, the landscape artist, with whom he shared a studio for many years, and it was only two years before Hayden’s death that LaValley moved north to South Londonderry, Vermont
In 1889, he began exhibiting at the National Academy, which he did through 1897. He later exhibited at the Boston Art Club, the Philadelphia Art Club, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and the Society of American Artists. The Columbus Ohio Museum of Art held Hayden’s most important retrospective exhibit in 1942  The artist is in the collection of: Columbus Museum of Art, OH; Evansville Museum of Arts and Science, Indiana and Delgado Community College, Louisiana.

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Heitmuller, Louis 
1863 - ?
Louis Heitmuller studied at the Royal Academy in Munich and at the Ecoles
des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He exhibited at the Carnegie Institute and the
Society of Independent Artists. Heitmuller came to the U.S. in 1893 from
Europe and settled in Pittsburgh. He painted many works of the steel mills
on the Pittsburgh rivers along with landscapes of the hills surrounding the

Hering, Harry
A self-taught mid-twentieth century New York painter, Harry Hering specialized in still life and landscape paintings including scenes of Cape Cod, California and the southwest. His exhibitions include the Art Institute of Chicago; National Academy of Design; Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art; Carnegie Institute; Whitney Museum of American Art; Corcoran Gallery; Society of Independent Artists; Salons of America; Toledo Museum of Art; Cape Ann Art Society, and others.

Hetzel, George  
American, 1826 - 1899
Realistic painter, George Hetzel is considered one of Pennsylvania's most significant landscape, portrait, and still-life painters of the nineteenth century.
He was born in Hangviller, a small village in the province of Alsace, France, in 1826. Hetzels father decided that America offered unparalleled opportunities for a better life, however, and when George was two years of age, his family left Hangviller for the New World. Their travels took them from the port of Baltimore to their final destination, a small farm in Allegheny City, now the North Side of Pittsburgh. Hetzel attended public school in Allegheny City and was later apprenticed to a house and sign painter. Approximately four years later he was accepted as an apprentice by a local artisan for whom he decorated cabins and public rooms on riverboats and painted murals in a number of Pittsburgh saloons.
Hetzel's father realized that his son possessed an outstanding artistic talent. He decided George should further his studies at the Dusseldorf Art Academy in Germany, which was one of the foremost art schools in Europe at that time. Hetzel departed Pittsburgh in late 1847, and for the next two years devoted himself to the study of portraiture, landscape and still-life painting. He received instruction in anatomy and the fundamentals of draftsmanship, sketched from plaster casts and, later, live models.
The instructional model employed by European art schools typically included students copying of the works of acknowledged masters, which allowed them to study various techniques and subsequently formulate their own style. Hetzel also became a member of the Masterclass (die Meisterklasse), wherein an advanced student was permitted to work on an independent project under the close supervision of his professor. He received extensive instruction in the use of chiaroscuro, which utilizes light and dark in the massing of form and the achievement of dramatic effect. His early paintings reflect a strong grasp of this technique as well as the type of realism for which the Academy was renowned. Hetzel returned to Pittsburgh in 1849 when growing political unrest in Europe ended his formal training.
Throughout the 1850s and 1860s, Hetzel continued to rely on realistic detail to convey texture and reflected light, and in the mid-1850's showed the influence of Asher B. Durand, the American landscape painter and an influential member of the Hudson River School. Hetzel began to incorporate into his work both Durand's technique and his spiritual perspective, which averred that mankind's spiritual nature must be reflected in an artist's representation of the natural world.
In the 1870s Hetzel came under the influence of the Barbizon School, which, in turn, would herald the coming of Impressionism. His style grew toward a tonalist aesthetic by the end of the century and evolved from a tightly painted, detailed technique generally associated with the Hudson River School to a freer brush and more painterly style generally associated with the Barbizon School.
George Hetzel was instrumental in the formation of the Scalp Level School of painting. Scalp Level is an area near Johnstown, Pennsylvania, where Paint Creek and Little Paint Creek converge. Hetzel was so taken with the beauty of the woodlands he witnessed there while on a fishing trip in 1866 that he convinced his colleagues, with whom he taught at the Pittsburgh School of Design, to accompany him on a painting jaunt the following summer. Groups of artists and students returned to the area with Hetzel more or less regularly; thus was born the Scalp Level School.
Today the overlook off PA Route 56 frames a distinctive landscape: a drift mine, a coal town, and a pile of coal refuse, -legacies of the industrial 20th Century. A current visitor to the Mine 40 Overlook might be amazed to learn that this valley, once-pristine, inspired an entire genre of American art 150 years ago. Traveling by train and then horse and carriage, the artists would come to Scalp Level and set up outdoor studios in the wooded hills and along the banks of Paint Creek. There they would record for posterity what they saw.
Hetzel, along with brothers William Coventry Wall and Alfred S. Wall, were part of the first generation of landscape artists who strove to faithfully render the images and colors there. In 1905, however, the Berwind-White Coal Company moved into the region and opened Eureka Mine 40 at Scalp Level. The mine would become one of the coal company's biggest producers, and while that was good for the economy, it was bad for the Scalp Level group. The green paradise became blackened by mining, and stands of trees were gradually replaced by rows of company houses.
From his studio in Pittsburgh, Hetzel continued to paint highly detailed, realistic views of nature, moving increasingly in the latter part of his career towards impressionistic concerns with light. A hint of Impressionism can be detected in some of his very late works, but Hetzel never abandoned the realism with which he and his art are linked. He was also very popular as a portraitist, and was noted for his sensitivity. All of his work possesses a quality of benevolent quiet and pensiveness.
Hetzel exhibited at the National Academy in New York from 1965 to 1882 and at the Pennsylvania Academy until 1891. He was the only Pittsburgh artist represented at the 1876 Centennial exposition held in Philadelphia. Hetzel was also a teacher at the Pittsburgh School of Design for Women.  Masterworks of George Hetzel: A Centennial Exhibition, was shown at the Johnstown Flood Museum, Johnstown, Pennsylvania.  George Hetzel died in Pittsburgh in 1899.

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Hold, Thomas
British or Scottish, 19th Century
Tom Hold was a 19th Century painter of hunting scenes, birds, genre scenes and landscapes. Not much is known about the personal life of Mr. Hold but auction records abound. His nationality is thought to be British or Scottish and he flourished in the last half of the 19th Century. His realistic natural style remains popular in both the Americas and in the United Kingdom. The artist worked in oils on a canvas medium and the original frames are gilded high Victorian indicating he was popular with the wealthy at the time his works were created.

Kane, John
American, 1860-1934
One of the first folk artists in America to gain national reputation, John Kane painted in a style popularized by the French painter, Henri Rousseau (1844-1910). Kane's work is of everyday subject matter and lacks three-dimensional perspective, anatomical realism, and subtleties of tone or atmosphere. But it is simple and fresh in the naive folk tradition. He did not begin painting until age sixty seven, when he submitted his paintings to the 1927 juried Carnegie International exhibition and received a special Purchase Award. A year later, he became a member of the Associated Artists of Pittsburgh. From that time, he had his work widely exhibited including at the Harvard Society of Contemporary Art in 1929, The Toledo Museum of Art from 1939 to 1934, The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the Museum of Modern Art, and in the Whitney Museum's first and second Biennials.

He was born in West Calder, Scotland in 1860 and came to the United States at age nineteen. For many years he was a common laborer in West Pennsylvania coal mines and was a "gandy-dancer" for the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, meaning he tapped down the rocks between ties and made sure the tracks were clear. He also worked for Westinghouse Electric and for Bessemer blast furnaces in Pittsburgh. Much of his painting reflects these experiences as well as his time as an amateur boxer and restlessly wandering across Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama. When he got a job painting the exterior of railroad cars, he was inspired to become a painter. He also worked at other related crafts including house painting and retouching of photographs. In 1928, his painting career received a major boost when Pittsburgh's Carnegie Institute bought one of his paintings.

Source: Michael David Zellman, 300 Years of American Art Peter Hastings Falk (Editor), Who Was Who in American Art

Keener, Anna E. Wilton
American, 1895-1982
Anna Elizabeth Keener (Mrs. Louis Raymond Wilton), 1895-1982, a painter, graphic artist, teacher and writer, was born in Flagler, Colorado, growing up in Dalhart, Texas. She received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1916, and a Master of Arts degree in 1918, at Bethany College, Lindsborg, Kansas, while also attending summer sessions of the Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois, in 1917 and 1919. At Bethany College, Keener was both a student and assistant to Birger Sandzen, a professor of block printing she credited as one of her finest teachers. (She also thought highly of etchers Paulus and Bertha Jacques, and lithographers Joseph A. Imhof and George Myasaki, teachers she would encounter in her varied and many-year career as a student of art).
Keener attended evening classes at the Detroit School of Design while serving as a clerk in the United States Navy in that city during World War I. After the War, she taught in the Globe, Arizona, public schools, then at Kansas City High School, in Kansas, while attending the Kansas City Art Institute, in Missouri, in 1923. Keener moved to Alpine, Texas to teach drawing at Sul Ross State Teachers College, from 1925-1927. She lived again in Dalhart for a time before teaching in New Mexico schools at Red River, Ojo Caliente, Las Vegas, and Gallup. She painted a mural in the McKinley County Courthouse in Gallup.
Keener studied in Mexico City in 1941, and in 1942, she began a twelve-year period as teacher and head of the art department at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales. During this time, Keener was back in school in 1949 at Colorado State Teachers College, Greeley, and in 1951, she received a Master of Arts degree from the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. She studied again in 1953 in Mexico City.
Retiring from Eastern New Mexico University in 1954, Keener moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico, where she was active in the art life, jurying exhibitions and continuing to paint. In 1962 she was back in school yet again, studying at the California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland. She was the author of Spontaneity in Design (Kansas City: Missouri Valley Press, 1923). Keener died in her Santa Fe home.
Keener held memberships in the American Artists Professional League; American Federation of Arts; Art of America Society; Artists Equity; International Institute of Arts and Letters; National and New Mexico Art Education Associations; Southern States Art League; and Western Art Association.
Anna Keener's work is in the collections of Sul Ross State University, Alpine, Texas;
Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum, Canyon, Texas; Texas Historical Society; Museum of Fine Arts and New Mexico State Library, Santa Fe; Santa Fe Public Library; Bandelier National Monument, New Mexico; San Francisco Public Library, California; John H. Vanderpoel Art Association, Chicago, Illinois; Bethany College, Lindsborg, Kansas; and University of Oklahoma, Norman.

Anna Keener's exhibitions include:
Annual Exhibition of Texas Artists, Dallas Woman's Forum (1927);
Annual Texas Artists Exhibition, Fort Worth (1927);
Southern States Art League Annual Exhibition (1930);
Painters and Sculptors of New Mexico, Santa Fe (1949-1950);
Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Fe (1953 prize, 1956 and 1958 one-woman, 1968); Springville Museum of Art, Utah (1957 and 1958 one-woman);
Tucson Art Festival, Arizona (1958 one-woman);
Sandzen Memorial Gallery, Lindsborg, Kansas (1959 one-woman);
High Plains Gallery, Amarillo, Texas (1960 one-woman);
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque (1964 one-woman);
New Mexico Arts Commission, Santa Fe (1967 one-woman);
Women Artists in Texas 1850-1950, Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum, Canyon (1993);
Annual Exhibition of Texas Artists, Dallas Woman's Forum (prize);
Library of Congress, Washington D.C.;
San Francisco Public Library;
Mid-Western Artists Annual Exhibition, Kansas City Art Institute, Missouri;
New Mexico State Fair, Albuquerque;
Roswell Museum of Art, New Mexico.
John and Deborah Powers, "Texas Painters, Sculptors, and Graphic Artists"
Phil and Marian Yoshiki Kovinick, "Women Artists of the American West"

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King, Albert F.
American, 1854-1945
Considered Pittsburgh's premier portrait artist well into his eighties, today A. F. King is recognized more for his still life paintings. His many still life compositions included realistic watermelons with a wedge missing, apples falling from a basket or strawberries spilling out of a chip basket. In addition, King traveled to Scalp Level in Cambria County with his good friend Martin B. Leisser along with George Hetzel and others on many sketching trips. Albert F. King was born in Pittsburgh in 1854. He studied with Martin B. Leisser who was also his friend. A popular and familiar figure to Pittsburgers of his time, King, along with George Hetzel,  excelled at portraiture but was known to paint landscapes, still lifes and genre scenes occasionally mostly for his own pleasure. He made his living as an artist by doing portraits of the city's bank presidents and business officials..... Except for a period of years spent in Omaha, Nebraska home of one of his sons, "Al" King worked in Pittsburgh all of his life. He gave an interview to art critic Dorothy Kantner of the Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph in 1938 after which she wrote, "Today, at 83, the Pittsburgh painter (King) is still one to whom many turn to portrait work. His hand is just as steady, his ability to secure a likeness just as infallible. Albert King died at the home of his son, Albert E. King, in Pittsburgh's East-End, on January 4 1945
. His painting is in Previous Inventory.

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Kirk, Frank Cohen
American (1889 - 1963)
Frank C. Kirk was born on May 11, 1889 in Zhitomir, Russia and studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art in Philadelphia under Daniel Garber, Celia Beaux and Hugh Breckenridge. At PAFA he won the Crescent Travel Scholarship.

Mr. Kirk exhibited nationally and was a member of the Conn. Aca of Fine Art, the Society of Washington Artists, Audubon Artists, Boston Art Club, Allied Artists of America, North Shore Art Association, the Copley Society in Boston, the Springfield Art League and Grand Centre Art Galleries in New York City.

His prizes included the Conn. Aca Fine Art in 1934, 1939, 1951 and 1953; the Ogunquit Art Center (Maine) in 1935, 1948 and 1954; Allied Artists of American in 1943, 1945, 1959 and 1960.

Some of the museums which have works by Mr. Kirk include the following: The Museum of Western Art in Moscow, the State Museum of New Jersey in Trenton, the Binghamton Museum of Art in New York, the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Cayuga Museum of History and Art.

His last known address was 38 Union Square, New York City where he died in 1939.

Kramer, Peter
American, 1823-1907
Peter Kramer, originally surnamed Kraemer, a painter, miniaturist, watercolorist and
lithographer, was born in Bavaria, Germany in 1823.  He immigrated to the United
States in 1848 and settled in Philadelphia where he worked for Peter S. Duval until
1857.  His most well known lithographs were of Civil War scenes which later afforded him
the opportunity to paint the life portraits of the Generals made famous in that war.
For a brief period in the 1850s (1850 or 1851) Kramer was also associated with
Lewis N. Rosenthal, another Philadelphia lithographer.  A small number of prints
were issued under the company name Kramer & Rosenthal.
In addition to being a lithographer, Mr. Kramer was known to paint prominent men of
the time, including President Lincoln and Civil War Generals.  As a miniaturist, he
is famous for reproducing his life studies of these men onto ivory.  Kramer returned to
Europe in the late 1850s and worked in Stuttgart. He was expelled for caricaturing
the king and returned to New York to open his own studio where he continued to work
as a painter.  He died in Brooklyn in 1907.

Laessig, Robert H
American, (1913 - )
Robert Laessig was born in West New York, New Jersey on November 15, 1913. He attended the Textile Design School of Plauen, Germany for five years and specialized in the study and painting of flowers. He was a Textile designer until World War II, when he served with the 13th Air Force Historical Section as a combat artist, illustrating a history of the 13th Air Force with ninety paintings. Laessig then studied at Art Students’ League, New York City for a year under Bernard Klonis. An opportunity to become an art consultant brought Laessig to Cleveland where he is now residing. He has exhibited in every Cleveland May Show since 1950. He has won prizes at the Butler International Art Show in Youngstown, Ohio and also the annual May Show held at the Akron Art Institute. He was presented a distinctive award for the best watercolor in a show and an abstract painting was purchased for the Cleveland Museum of Art at the time of the 1959 Cleveland May Show. He has exhibited work by special invitation at the Massillon Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan and in Springfield, Massachusetts. Mr. Laessig is listed in Who’s Who in America, and is a member of the National Academy of Design. He presently has three paintings exhibited at the American Embassy in Norway. Robert had the honor of designing the official White House Christmas Cards for five years during the Johnson Administration. He won the Ohio Watercolor Society Gold Medal in 1988 for Autumn Beckons. In 1982, he won the Winsor & Newton Award for “Bleak November.” And he earned the top award in the National Academy of Design Exhibition, National Academy Galleries, New York City in 1967 for Meadow Fluff. Museum Collections: Butler Institute of American Art Cleveland Museum of Art Norfolk Museum Springfield Museum Sargent-Laessig Museum of Fine Art, Hinckley, Ohio

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Lasalle, Louis Cabaillot 
French, 1810-1870
Born in Paris in 1810, Louis Cabaillot was the student of Paris and C. L. Muller. He always signed his paintings with Louis Lasalle and painted with oil. Cabaillot was commissioned by the French government to paint two paintings: Inondations de 1856 and Un trait de la jeunesse de Napoleon III. He displayed a fondness for painting children, often depicting them pursuing their chores and along side animals. His paintings La Route du Marche, La Froide Matinee, La partie de Traineau sur la Glace were exhibited at the Salon des Artistes between 1851 and 1868.

Lawman, Jasper Holman
American, 1825-1906
Jasper Lawman was born in Xenia, Ohio and moved to Pittsburgh in 1846 where he became a scene painter at the old Dury Theatre. After studies in Paris with Thomas Couture beginning in 1859, Lawman was considered one of Pittsburgh's top portrait painters. His portraits included Andrew Carnegie, George Breed, and William Negley. In addition, Lawman painted and exhibited many landscapes and a few still life. His works are few in number but often depict area landmarks such as Snyder's Hollow or Scalp Level. Having studied in Paris, his landscapes are influenced by the French Barbizon school. His works are found at the Carnegie, Westmoreland and Butler Institute. As the case with many of the local artists of his time, Lawman exhibited and sold many of his paintings at Gillespie's Art Gallery.

Leisser, Martin B.  
American, 1846 - 1940
An art teacher and painter who preferred landscapes but also did portraits and stilllifes, Martin Leisser was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania where he had his studiofor over fifty years. He taught at the School of Design for women, was headmaster of the Pittsburgh ArtSchool, and founder of the Pittsburgh Art Society, which sponsored art exhibitions.His friendship with Andrew Carnegie was influential in Carnegie's including an art school in the Carnegie Institute of Technology.

He studied with George Hetzel at the Pittsburgh Art School, at the Academie Julianin Paris, and at the Royal Academy in in Munich. Although he settled in Pittsburgh,he traveled widely for subject matter.

Lie, Robert F.
American, 1899-1980
Mr. Lie was born in San Francisco, CA, on July 22, 1899.  In 1921 Lie enrolled at the ASL of New York City under Robert Henri.  Remaining in New York City, he illustrated for Ladies' Home Journal into the early 1930s.  He died there in July 1980.  SF Chronicle, 8/28/1980; AAA 1933; SS. 

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Linford, Charles
American, 1846-1897
Born in Pittsburgh, Charles Linford would later move to Philadelphia, New York and would spend his final years in New Jersey.  He died in Plainford, New Jersey at a young age of 51.  As a young painter he was a member of the "Gillespie Group," which was a loose collection of artists, including George Hetzel, Alfred S. Wall, Joseph R. Woodwell, David Gilmore Blythe and Jasper Lawman (see entries ). He was one of the first artists to discover Scalp Level, a small town, which became a favorite artists" place until the late 1890s. He was a student of George Hetzel and one of the initial artists to visit Scalp Level.  Charles Linford concentrated mainly on landscapes and a majority of Linford's work shows the influence of the French Barbizon painters. Specifically, his favorite subject was that of birch trees within a fall landscape. 

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