Biographies M - Z
Hamilton was born in Syracuse, NY and lived in Fort Lauderdale, FL until
her death. She studied at Academy Julian, Cole des Beaux-Arts and
Academy and the Grande Chaumière, all in Paris. She studied under John
Herron at the Art Institute, at the Cincinnati Art Academy, Syracuse
University and at the Harvey & Proctor School in England. She often
exhibited and her works can be found at Wesleyan College in Georgia, The
Hall of Art in New York, The Evergreen School in Plainfield New Jersey,
The Darwin House in London, Hanover College in Indiana, Eaton Gallery in
New York and in Nassau, the Bahamas.
American, 1891 - 1968
Margie Coleman was born in 1891 and like
so many female Pittsburgh artists, has been largely ignored in favor of
her male counterparts by Pittsburgh collectors and represents a good
investment with tremendous potential. Mrs. Coleman studied at the
Carnegie Institute, Penn State College, the University of Chicago and
the University of Pittsburgh. She was a painter, etcher, teacher,
writer, sculptor, and lecturer.
Her memberships include the Eastern Art Association; National Education
Association; Pittsburgh Art Association; Allied Artists of Johnstown
(President 1933-46); Philadelphia Press Club; Johnstown Art League, and
Cambria County Art Association
Exhibitions include the Pittsburgh Art Association 1924-1959; Society of
Independent Artists,1933; Allied Artists of Johnstown, 1933-37,(awards),
1938-1961; Evensburg, 1932-41; Ebensburg Fair, 1935 (prize); Garden
Club, 1938-45; Indiana, Pennsylvania, 1944-46; Lee Hospital, Johnstown;
Pennsylvania Historical Museum Committee, 1953, 1961.
In 1965 she was "Woman of the Year" awarded by the Business &
Professional Women's Club of Johnstown, Pennsylvania,.
Ms. Coleman held the position of Teacher at the Pennsylvania State
College from 1919-38; and was the Director of Arts and Crafts, Church of
the Brethren Home in Scalp Level, PA. She was also a Contributor to
"School Arts" magazine. Her works are found in the State Museum of
Pennsylvania and Penn State University.
After a long productive life, she passed away in Johnstown, PA in 1968.
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Hayden, Edward Parker
American, 1858 - 1922
Edward Parker Hayden was born on May 21, 1858, the son of William
Hallock and Eliza (Goodspeed) Hayden. But Hayden, himself, settled in
the east, choosing the sister city, Haydenville, Massachusetts, which
his relatives had founded more than a century earlier, and where he died
in 1922 (the correct year as attested by Edward P. Bentley’s brief
memoir of Hayden).
After spending his boyhood in nearby Columbus, Ohio, we know that Hayden
moved to New York City, where he studied under William Lamb Picknell,
who certainly pointed Hayden in the direction of Massachusetts. Picknell
was a brilliant early plein-aire master, known particularly for the
clarity of his light, the same clarity that dominates in Hayden’s works.
By the early 1880s, Hayden began exhibiting at the Salmagundi Club in
New York, where he was a member, and by 1890, he was living in
Cummington, Massachusetts, next door to Haydenville, and one of the
splendid Berkshire hilltowns, including Goshen and Charlemont. He was
close to the LaValley brothers of Western Massachusetts, Jonas, the
still-life painter, and more so with William LaValley, the landscape
artist, with whom he shared a studio for many years, and it was only two
years before Hayden’s death that LaValley moved north to South
In 1889, he began exhibiting at the National Academy, which he did
through 1897. He later exhibited at the Boston Art Club, the
Philadelphia Art Club, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and the
Society of American Artists. The Columbus Ohio Museum of Art held
Hayden’s most important retrospective exhibit in 1942 The artist
is in the collection of: Columbus Museum of Art, OH; Evansville Museum
of Arts and Science, Indiana and Delgado Community College, Louisiana.
1863 - ?
Louis Heitmuller studied at the Royal Academy in Munich and at the
des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He exhibited at the Carnegie Institute and the
Society of Independent Artists. Heitmuller came to the U.S. in 1893 from
Europe and settled in Pittsburgh. He painted many works of the steel
on the Pittsburgh rivers along with landscapes of the hills surrounding
A self-taught mid-twentieth century New
York painter, Harry Hering specialized in still life and landscape
paintings including scenes of Cape Cod, California and the
southwest. His exhibitions include the Art Institute of Chicago;
National Academy of Design; Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art;
Carnegie Institute; Whitney Museum of American Art; Corcoran
Gallery; Society of Independent Artists; Salons of America; Toledo
Museum of Art; Cape Ann Art Society, and others.
American, 1826 - 1899
Realistic painter, George Hetzel is considered one of Pennsylvania's
most significant landscape, portrait, and still-life painters of the
He was born in Hangviller, a small village in the province of Alsace,
France, in 1826. Hetzels father decided that America offered
unparalleled opportunities for a better life, however, and when George
was two years of age, his family left Hangviller for the New World.
Their travels took them from the port of Baltimore to their final
destination, a small farm in Allegheny City, now the North Side of
Pittsburgh. Hetzel attended public school in Allegheny City and was
later apprenticed to a house and sign painter. Approximately four years
later he was accepted as an apprentice by a local artisan for whom he
decorated cabins and public rooms on riverboats and painted murals in a
number of Pittsburgh saloons.
Hetzel's father realized that his son possessed an outstanding artistic
talent. He decided George should further his studies at the Dusseldorf
Art Academy in Germany, which was one of the foremost art schools in
Europe at that time. Hetzel departed Pittsburgh in late 1847, and for
the next two years devoted himself to the study of portraiture,
landscape and still-life painting. He received instruction in anatomy
and the fundamentals of draftsmanship, sketched from plaster casts and,
later, live models.
The instructional model employed by European art schools typically
included students copying of the works of acknowledged masters, which
allowed them to study various techniques and subsequently formulate
their own style. Hetzel also became a member of the Masterclass (die
Meisterklasse), wherein an advanced student was permitted to work on an
independent project under the close supervision of his professor. He
received extensive instruction in the use of chiaroscuro, which utilizes
light and dark in the massing of form and the achievement of dramatic
effect. His early paintings reflect a strong grasp of this technique as
well as the type of realism for which the Academy was renowned. Hetzel
returned to Pittsburgh in 1849 when growing political unrest in Europe
ended his formal training.
Throughout the 1850s and 1860s, Hetzel continued to rely on realistic
detail to convey texture and reflected light, and in the mid-1850's
showed the influence of Asher B. Durand, the American landscape painter
and an influential member of the Hudson River School. Hetzel began to
incorporate into his work both Durand's technique and his spiritual
perspective, which averred that mankind's spiritual nature must be
reflected in an artist's representation of the natural world.
In the 1870s Hetzel came under the influence of the Barbizon School,
which, in turn, would herald the coming of Impressionism. His style grew
toward a tonalist aesthetic by the end of the century and evolved from a
tightly painted, detailed technique generally associated with the Hudson
River School to a freer brush and more painterly style generally
associated with the Barbizon School.
George Hetzel was instrumental in the formation of the Scalp Level
School of painting. Scalp Level is an area near Johnstown, Pennsylvania,
where Paint Creek and Little Paint Creek converge. Hetzel was so taken
with the beauty of the woodlands he witnessed there while on a fishing
trip in 1866 that he convinced his colleagues, with whom he taught at
the Pittsburgh School of Design, to accompany him on a painting jaunt
the following summer. Groups of artists and students returned to the
area with Hetzel more or less regularly; thus was born the Scalp Level
Today the overlook off PA Route 56 frames a distinctive landscape: a
drift mine, a coal town, and a pile of coal refuse, -legacies of the
industrial 20th Century. A current visitor to the Mine 40 Overlook might
be amazed to learn that this valley, once-pristine, inspired an entire
genre of American art 150 years ago. Traveling by train and then horse
and carriage, the artists would come to Scalp Level and set up outdoor
studios in the wooded hills and along the banks of Paint Creek. There
they would record for posterity what they saw.
Hetzel, along with brothers William Coventry Wall and Alfred S. Wall,
were part of the first generation of landscape artists who strove to
faithfully render the images and colors there. In 1905, however, the
Berwind-White Coal Company moved into the region and opened Eureka Mine
40 at Scalp Level. The mine would become one of the coal company's
biggest producers, and while that was good for the economy, it was bad
for the Scalp Level group. The green paradise became blackened by
mining, and stands of trees were gradually replaced by rows of company
From his studio in Pittsburgh, Hetzel continued to paint highly
detailed, realistic views of nature, moving increasingly in the latter
part of his career towards impressionistic concerns with light. A hint
of Impressionism can be detected in some of his very late works, but
Hetzel never abandoned the realism with which he and his art are linked.
He was also very popular as a portraitist, and was noted for his
sensitivity. All of his work possesses a quality of benevolent quiet and
Hetzel exhibited at the National Academy in New York from 1965 to 1882
and at the Pennsylvania Academy until 1891. He was the only Pittsburgh
artist represented at the 1876 Centennial exposition held in
Philadelphia. Hetzel was also a teacher at the Pittsburgh School of
Design for Women.
Masterworks of George Hetzel: A Centennial Exhibition, was shown at
the Johnstown Flood Museum, Johnstown, Pennsylvania.
George Hetzel died in Pittsburgh in 1899.
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British or Scottish, 19th Century
Tom Hold was a 19th Century painter of hunting scenes, birds, genre
scenes and landscapes. Not much is known about the personal life of Mr.
Hold but auction records abound. His nationality is thought to be
British or Scottish and he flourished in the last half of the 19th
Century. His realistic natural style remains popular in both the
Americas and in the United Kingdom. The artist worked in oils on a
canvas medium and the original frames are gilded high Victorian
indicating he was popular with the wealthy at the time his works were
One of the first folk artists in America to gain national reputation,
John Kane painted in a style popularized by the French painter, Henri
Rousseau (1844-1910). Kane's work is of everyday subject matter and
lacks three-dimensional perspective, anatomical realism, and subtleties
of tone or atmosphere. But it is simple and fresh in the naive folk
tradition. He did not begin painting until age sixty seven, when he
submitted his paintings to the 1927 juried Carnegie International
exhibition and received a special Purchase Award. A year later, he
became a member of the Associated Artists of Pittsburgh. From that time,
he had his work widely exhibited including at the Harvard Society of
Contemporary Art in 1929, The Toledo Museum of Art from 1939 to 1934,
The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the Museum of Modern Art, and
in the Whitney Museum's first and second Biennials.
He was born in West Calder, Scotland
in 1860 and came to the United States at age nineteen. For many years he
was a common laborer in West Pennsylvania coal mines and was a "gandy-dancer"
for the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, meaning he tapped down the rocks
between ties and made sure the tracks were clear. He also worked for
Westinghouse Electric and for Bessemer blast furnaces in Pittsburgh.
Much of his painting reflects these experiences as well as his time as
an amateur boxer and restlessly wandering across Kentucky, Tennessee and
Alabama. When he got a job painting the exterior of railroad cars, he
was inspired to become a painter. He also worked at other related crafts
including house painting and retouching of photographs. In 1928, his
painting career received a major boost when Pittsburgh's Carnegie
Institute bought one of his paintings.
Source: Michael David Zellman, 300
Years of American Art Peter Hastings Falk (Editor), Who Was Who in
Keener, Anna E. Wilton
Anna Elizabeth Keener (Mrs. Louis Raymond Wilton), 1895-1982, a painter,
graphic artist, teacher and writer, was born in Flagler, Colorado,
growing up in Dalhart, Texas. She received a Bachelor of Fine Arts
degree in 1916, and a Master of Arts degree in 1918, at Bethany College,
Lindsborg, Kansas, while also attending summer sessions of the Art
Institute of Chicago, Illinois, in 1917 and 1919. At Bethany College,
Keener was both a student and assistant to Birger Sandzen, a professor
of block printing she credited as one of her finest teachers. (She also
thought highly of etchers Paulus and Bertha Jacques, and lithographers
Joseph A. Imhof and George Myasaki, teachers she would encounter in her
varied and many-year career as a student of art).
Keener attended evening classes at the Detroit School of Design while
serving as a clerk in the United States Navy in that city during World
War I. After the War, she taught in the Globe, Arizona, public schools,
then at Kansas City High School, in Kansas, while attending the Kansas
City Art Institute, in Missouri, in 1923. Keener moved to Alpine, Texas
to teach drawing at Sul Ross State Teachers College, from 1925-1927. She
lived again in Dalhart for a time before teaching in New Mexico schools
at Red River, Ojo Caliente, Las Vegas, and Gallup. She painted a mural
in the McKinley County Courthouse in Gallup.
Keener studied in Mexico City in 1941, and in 1942, she began a
twelve-year period as teacher and head of the art department at Eastern
New Mexico University, Portales. During this time, Keener was back in
school in 1949 at Colorado State Teachers College, Greeley, and in 1951,
she received a Master of Arts degree from the University of New Mexico,
Albuquerque. She studied again in 1953 in Mexico City.
Retiring from Eastern New Mexico University in 1954, Keener moved to
Santa Fe, New Mexico, where she was active in the art life, jurying
exhibitions and continuing to paint. In 1962 she was back in school yet
again, studying at the California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland.
She was the author of Spontaneity in Design (Kansas City: Missouri
Valley Press, 1923). Keener died in her Santa Fe home.
Keener held memberships in the American Artists Professional League;
American Federation of Arts; Art of America Society; Artists Equity;
International Institute of Arts and Letters; National and New Mexico Art
Education Associations; Southern States Art League; and Western Art
Anna Keener's work is in the collections of Sul Ross State University,
Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum, Canyon, Texas; Texas Historical
Society; Museum of Fine Arts and New Mexico State Library, Santa Fe;
Santa Fe Public Library; Bandelier National Monument, New Mexico; San
Francisco Public Library, California; John H. Vanderpoel Art
Association, Chicago, Illinois; Bethany College, Lindsborg, Kansas; and
University of Oklahoma, Norman.
Anna Keener's exhibitions include:
Annual Exhibition of Texas Artists, Dallas Woman's Forum (1927);
Annual Texas Artists Exhibition, Fort Worth (1927);
Southern States Art League Annual Exhibition (1930);
Painters and Sculptors of New Mexico, Santa Fe (1949-1950);
Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Fe (1953 prize, 1956 and 1958 one-woman,
1968); Springville Museum of Art, Utah (1957 and 1958 one-woman);
Tucson Art Festival, Arizona (1958 one-woman);
Sandzen Memorial Gallery, Lindsborg, Kansas (1959 one-woman);
High Plains Gallery, Amarillo, Texas (1960 one-woman);
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque (1964 one-woman);
New Mexico Arts Commission, Santa Fe (1967 one-woman);
Women Artists in Texas 1850-1950, Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum,
Annual Exhibition of Texas Artists, Dallas Woman's Forum (prize);
Library of Congress, Washington D.C.;
San Francisco Public Library;
Mid-Western Artists Annual Exhibition, Kansas City Art Institute,
New Mexico State Fair, Albuquerque;
Roswell Museum of Art, New Mexico.
John and Deborah Powers, "Texas Painters, Sculptors, and Graphic
Phil and Marian Yoshiki Kovinick, "Women Artists of the American West"
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Considered Pittsburgh's premier portrait artist well into his
eighties, today A. F. King is recognized more for his still life
paintings. His many still life compositions included realistic
watermelons with a wedge missing, apples falling from a basket or
strawberries spilling out of a chip basket. In addition, King traveled
to Scalp Level in Cambria County with his good friend Martin B. Leisser
along with George Hetzel and others on many sketching trips. Albert F.
King was born in Pittsburgh in 1854. He studied with Martin B. Leisser
who was also his friend. A popular and familiar figure to Pittsburgers
of his time, King, along with George Hetzel, excelled at
portraiture but was known to paint landscapes, still lifes and genre
scenes occasionally mostly for his own pleasure. He made his living as
an artist by doing portraits of the city's bank presidents and business
officials..... Except for a period of years spent in Omaha, Nebraska
home of one of his sons, "Al" King worked in Pittsburgh all of his life.
He gave an interview to art critic Dorothy Kantner of the Pittsburgh
Sun-Telegraph in 1938 after which she wrote, "Today, at 83, the
Pittsburgh painter (King) is still one to whom many turn to portrait
work. His hand is just as steady, his ability to secure a likeness just
as infallible. Albert King died at the home of his son, Albert E. King,
in Pittsburgh's East-End, on January 4 1945.
His painting is in
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Kirk, Frank Cohen
American (1889 - 1963)
Frank C. Kirk was born on May 11, 1889 in Zhitomir, Russia and studied
at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art in Philadelphia under Daniel
Garber, Celia Beaux and Hugh Breckenridge. At PAFA he won the Crescent
Mr. Kirk exhibited nationally and was a member of the Conn. Aca of Fine
Art, the Society of Washington Artists, Audubon Artists, Boston Art
Club, Allied Artists of America, North Shore Art Association, the Copley
Society in Boston, the Springfield Art League and Grand Centre Art
Galleries in New York City.
His prizes included the Conn. Aca Fine Art in 1934, 1939, 1951 and 1953;
the Ogunquit Art Center (Maine) in 1935, 1948 and 1954; Allied Artists
of American in 1943, 1945, 1959 and 1960.
Some of the museums which have works by Mr. Kirk include the following:
The Museum of Western Art in Moscow, the State Museum of New Jersey in
Trenton, the Binghamton Museum of Art in New York, the Philadelphia
Museum of Art and the Cayuga Museum of History and Art.
His last known address was 38 Union Square, New York City where he died
Peter Kramer, originally surnamed
Kraemer, a painter, miniaturist, watercolorist and
lithographer, was born in
Bavaria, Germany in 1823. He immigrated to the United
States in 1848 and settled in
Philadelphia where he worked for Peter S. Duval until
1857. His most well
known lithographs were of Civil War scenes which later afforded him
the opportunity to paint the
life portraits of the Generals made famous in that war.
For a brief period in the
1850s (1850 or 1851) Kramer was also associated with
Lewis N. Rosenthal, another
Philadelphia lithographer. A small number of prints
were issued under the company
name Kramer & Rosenthal.
In addition to being a
lithographer, Mr. Kramer was known to paint prominent men of
the time, including President
Lincoln and Civil War Generals. As a miniaturist, he
is famous for reproducing his
life studies of these men onto ivory. Kramer returned to
Europe in the late 1850s and
worked in Stuttgart. He was expelled for caricaturing
the king and returned to New
York to open his own studio where he continued to work
as a painter. He died in
Brooklyn in 1907.
Laessig, Robert H
American, (1913 - )
Robert Laessig was born in West New York, New Jersey on November 15,
1913. He attended the Textile Design School of Plauen, Germany for five
years and specialized in the study and painting of flowers. He was a
Textile designer until World War II, when he served with the 13th Air
Force Historical Section as a combat artist, illustrating a history of
the 13th Air Force with ninety paintings. Laessig then studied at Art
Students’ League, New York City for a year under Bernard Klonis. An
opportunity to become an art consultant brought Laessig to Cleveland
where he is now residing. He has exhibited in every Cleveland May Show
since 1950. He has won prizes at the Butler International Art Show in
Youngstown, Ohio and also the annual May Show held at the Akron Art
Institute. He was presented a distinctive award for the best watercolor
in a show and an abstract painting was purchased for the Cleveland
Museum of Art at the time of the 1959 Cleveland May Show. He has
exhibited work by special invitation at the Massillon Museum in Grand
Rapids, Michigan and in Springfield, Massachusetts. Mr. Laessig is
listed in Who’s Who in America, and is a member of the National Academy
of Design. He presently has three paintings exhibited at the American
Embassy in Norway. Robert had the honor of designing the official White
House Christmas Cards for five years during the Johnson Administration.
He won the Ohio Watercolor Society Gold Medal in 1988 for Autumn
Beckons. In 1982, he won the Winsor & Newton Award for “Bleak November.”
And he earned the top award in the National Academy of Design
Exhibition, National Academy Galleries, New York City in 1967 for Meadow
Fluff. Museum Collections: Butler Institute of American Art Cleveland
Museum of Art Norfolk Museum Springfield Museum Sargent-Laessig Museum
of Fine Art, Hinckley, Ohio
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Born in Paris in 1810, Louis Cabaillot was the student of Paris and C.
L. Muller. He always signed his paintings with Louis Lasalle and painted
with oil. Cabaillot was commissioned by the French government to paint
two paintings: Inondations de 1856 and Un trait de la jeunesse de
Napoleon III. He displayed a fondness for painting children, often
depicting them pursuing their chores and along side animals. His
paintings La Route du Marche, La Froide Matinee, La partie de Traineau
sur la Glace were exhibited at the Salon des Artistes between 1851 and
Jasper Lawman was born in Xenia, Ohio and moved to Pittsburgh in 1846
where he became a scene painter at the old Dury Theatre. After studies
in Paris with Thomas Couture beginning in 1859, Lawman was considered
one of Pittsburgh's top portrait painters. His portraits included Andrew
Carnegie, George Breed, and William Negley. In addition, Lawman painted
and exhibited many landscapes and a few still life. His works are few in
number but often depict area landmarks such as Snyder's Hollow or Scalp
Level. Having studied in Paris, his landscapes are influenced by the
French Barbizon school. His works are found at the Carnegie,
Westmoreland and Butler Institute. As the case with many of the local
artists of his time, Lawman exhibited and sold many of his paintings at
Gillespie's Art Gallery.
American, 1846 - 1940
An art teacher and painter who
preferred landscapes but also did portraits and stilllifes, Martin
Leisser was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania where he had his studiofor
over fifty years. He taught at the School of Design for women, was
headmaster of the Pittsburgh ArtSchool, and founder of the Pittsburgh
Art Society, which sponsored art exhibitions.His friendship with Andrew
Carnegie was influential in Carnegie's including an art school in the
Carnegie Institute of Technology.
He studied with George Hetzel at the Pittsburgh Art School, at the
Academie Julianin Paris, and at the Royal Academy in in Munich. Although
he settled in Pittsburgh,he traveled widely for subject matter.
Lie, Robert F.
Mr. Lie was born in San Francisco,
CA, on July 22, 1899. In 1921 Lie enrolled at the ASL of New York
City under Robert Henri. Remaining in New York City, he
illustrated for Ladies' Home Journal into the early 1930s. He died
there in July 1980. SF Chronicle, 8/28/1980; AAA 1933; SS.
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Pittsburgh, Charles Linford would later move to Philadelphia, New York
and would spend his final years in New Jersey. He died in
Plainford, New Jersey at a young age of 51. As a young painter he
was a member of the "Gillespie Group," which was a loose collection of
artists, including George Hetzel, Alfred S. Wall, Joseph R. Woodwell,
David Gilmore Blythe and Jasper Lawman (see entries ). He was one of the
first artists to discover Scalp Level, a small town, which became a
favorite artists" place until the late 1890s. He was a student of George
Hetzel and one of the initial artists to visit Scalp Level. Charles
Linford concentrated mainly on landscapes and a majority of Linford's
work shows the influence of the French Barbizon painters. Specifically,
his favorite subject was that of birch trees within a fall landscape.
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